As a director and shareholder of your own company you can decide how much salary to pay yourself each month in order to use your tax-free personal allowance in the most tax efficient way. Any further funds you need can be extracted as a dividend if the company is making a profit.
If you are a director of your company and you don't have a contract that sets out terms of employment with the company, you don't have to pay yourself the national minimum wage. So how much should you pay yourself?
For 2014/15 if you were born after 5 April 1948 you have a tax free personal allowance of £833 per month (£10,000 per year). You could take a salary at that level and pay no income tax, assuming you have no other taxable benefits from the company such as a car.
However, you will pay national insurance (NICs) on that salary as the NICs threshold is only £663 per month. From a gross salary of £833 the company must deduct NI of £20.40 and set-aside employer's NI of £23.46 on top. The company will have an employment allowance of £2,000 for the year to set against its employer's NI due on all its employees, so it won't have to pay over employer's NI until that £2000 is used up.
If you take a salary of just above the NI lower earnings threshold of £481 per month, you will get an NI credit towards your state pension, but you don't pay any tax or NI. However, at that annual salary level (£5,772) you will be "wasting" £4,228 of your tax free personal allowance, unless you have other income to cover it.
Talk to us about the best salary level for you, which takes into account all your other sources of income.
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